Posts Tagged ‘Red Hat’

vCloud Director, RHEL 6.3, and Windows Server 2012 NFS

July 16th, 2013

One of the new features introduced in vCloud Director 5.1.2 is cell server support on the RHEL 6 Update 3 platform (you should also know that cell server support on RHEL 5 Update 7 was silently removed in the recent past – verify the version of RHEL in your environment using cat /etc/issue).  When migrating your cell server(s) to RHEL 6.3, particularly from 5.x, you may run into a few issues.

First is the lack of the libXdmcp package (required for vCD installation) which was once included by default in RHEL 5 versions.  You can verify this at the RHEL 6 CLI with the following command line:

yum search libXdmcp


yum list |grep libXdmcp

Not to worry, the package is easily installable by inserting/mounting the RHEL 6 DVD or .iso, copying the appropriate libXdmcp file to /tmp/ and running either of the following commands:

yum install /tmp/libXdmcp-1.0.3-1.el6.x86_64.rpm


rpm -i /tmp/libXdmcp-1.0.3-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

Next up is the use of Windows Server 2012 (or Windows 8) as NFS for vCloud Transfer Server Storage in conjunction with the newly supported RHEL 6.3.  Creating the path and directory for the Transfer Server Storage is performed during the initial deployment of vCloud Director using the command mkdir -p /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/data/transfer. When mounting the NFS export for Transfer Server Storage (either manually or via /etc/fstab f.q.d.n:/vcdtransfer/opt/vmware/vcloud-director/data/transfer nfs rw 0 0 ), the mount command fails with error message mount.nfs: mount system call failed. I ran across this in one particular environment and my search turned up Red Hat Bugzilla – Bug 796352.  In the bug documentation, the problem is identified as follows:

On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, mounting an NFS export from a Windows 2012 server failed due to the fact that the Windows server contains support for the minor version 1 (v4.1) of the NFS version 4 protocol only, along with support for versions 2 and 3. The lack of the minor version 0 (v4.0) support caused Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 clients to fail instead of rolling back to version 3 as expected. This update fixes this bug and mounting an NFS export works as expected.

Further down in the article, Steve Dickson outlines the workarounds:

mount -o v3 # to use v3


Set the ‘Nfsvers=3′ variable in the “[ Server “Server_Name” ]”
section of the /etc/nfsmount.conf file
An Example will be:
[ Server “nfsserver.lab.local” ]

The first option works well at the command line but doesn’t lend itself to /etc/fstab syntax so I opted for the second option which is to establish a host name and NFS version in the /etc/nfsmount.conf file.  With this method, the mount is attempted as called for in /etc/fstab and by reading /etc/nfsmount.conf, the mount operation succeeds as desired instead of failing at negotiation.

There is a third option which would be to avoid the use of /etc/fstab and /etc/nfsmount altogether and instead establish a mount -o v3 command in /etc/rc.local which is executed at the end of each RHEL boot process.  Although this may work, it feels a little sloppy in my opinion.

Lastly, one could install the kernel update (Red Hat reports as being fixed in kernel-2.6.32-280.el6). The kernel package update is located here.

Live migration between CPU vendors demonstrated by AMD and Red Hat

November 11th, 2008

Live migration (VMotion in VMware speak) across AMD and Intel processors is a feature we don’t have today and a technology that many would describe as nearly impossible.

The capability could be in your datacenter sooner than you think. Last Thursday, the Inquirer published an article along with a video where Red Hat and AMD demonstrate the process (of course using streaming video and sound to drive home the point of no interruption) proving that it is possible and the technology to do so may not be so far off. The article goes on to explain that not only can live migration occur between CPU vendors, the same or similar technology can be used to live migrate between CPU architectures from the same vendor (ie. AMD Barcelona Opteron <–> AMD Shanghai Opteron).

Take a look at the video: